Report of the 2007 Vic ARDF Championship

Sun, 12 August, 2007

Sunday 12th August was the date of the 2007 Vic ARDF championships. This event was being held in conjunction with an Orienteering event on the new Dales Creek Map run by the Tuckonie Orienteering club.

The weather for the day included all 4 seasons but fortunately all competitors had finished before the hail arrived. The rain the night before had made for some very slippery tracks in some places and there were reports of the bush-land running being faster.

There were a total of 10 competitors entered over the 3 courses. The Open division saw 5 male and 1 female competitor try their luck against the course setter (Mark Diggins) and the clock. Two competitors tried the 3 Tx course and 2 competitors had some fun with tackling the closest Transmitter.

Adam – overall Vic Champs winner!
Marta and The Fitz finishing
Ian finishing  
Gary at the second transmitter

Marta and Fitzel
Busy at the finish table   The open division line length was approximately 7.4Kms whilst the short course was about 3.7Kms. The transmitters were all able to be heard from the start, but only just for some receiver equipment. There was some localized confusion with bearings but no common deceptions, much to the organiser’s regret. Times for the Open division ranged from just over 1 hour to 2.5 hours.

Congratulations go to Adam Scammell, Bryan Ackerly and Bruce Paterson who were 1st 2nd and 3rd respectively in the Open Male division. Also winning this years championship was Marta Salek in the Open Female division.

A special mention also to Ian Chennell (VK3IDC) who was able to find all 3 Tx’s on his very first attempt at ARDF and return in quite a good time.

A big thank-you is given to Julie and Sean Sunley of the Tuckonie Orienteers as this event would not have been possible without their support.

Open Division Male

1stAdam Scammell5Tx1:09:11
2ndBryan Ackerly5Tx1:14:48
3rdBruce Paterson5Tx1:31:25

David Beard5Tx

Gary Panter5Tx

Open Division Female

1stMarta Salek5Tx1:45:33

Short Course

1stIan Chennell3Tx1:17:15
2ndEwen Templeton3Tx1:39:57

“Give it a try”

1stDianne and Arnneka1Tx0:13:41

Hanging Rock – RadiO

       Sun, 20 May, 2007

A RadiO course was held on Sunday 20th May at the picturesque Hanging Rock park, made famous by the Aussie film Picnic at Hanging Rock. It was also part of the worldwide Foxhunting Week.

The course was a novel format designed to blend into an Orienteering Hageby event run bt Bayside Kangaroos orienteering club. A year or so ago Bryan Ackerly held an RadiO co-event with a Hageby using 3 legs, 80m and 2m FoxOr and a pure orienteering leg. This event built on this theme, using a FoxOr 2m leg, an 80m ARDF leg and 2 different length orienteering legs. This compared fovourably with the orienteering equivalent courses which had 4 orienteering legs.


The park is small, and only a 1:5000 scale, so the challenge is to offer interesting courses without too much risk of stumbling into ARDF controls while you’re on another leg ! I elected to be cunning and tricky on some FoxOr legs, but straightforward on the ARDF legs to ensure the ARDF wasn’t too daunting for those inexperienced in it’s complexities. One of the FoxOr controls, though on the map, was outside the fenced in park area; one way to increase the distance for a leg since you had to run the short distance back to the main gate. Another was behind a water tank that you had to negotiate a complex series of open gates to actually get to the side it was on (unles you’re Gary and thin enough to slip past the tank and the wall).


Apologies about all the slippery ash below one of the FoxOr controls. It was beyond my control ! It turns out there was an easy way track route into this control from both directions (not marked on the map), but I didn’t know this myself and also had to brave the slippery slope.

When planning the course I pencilled in am ARDF control on a dead tree beside a small lake, but on the morning, when I found the lake was largely empty due to the drought, I relocated it to a treed island.


The event itself was beset by persistant showers and occasional heavy rain, despite it being a fine day in Melbourne, so well done to all the competitors to brave the elements.

Three courses were offered and taken up by the 14 RadiO competitors:

RA had 4 loops; Two O loops (med & short), any 6 of 7 2m FoxOr and all 5 80m ARDFs. ~10km

RB had 4 loops. Two O loops (long & short), any 5 of 7 FoxOrs and 2 of 5 ARDFs. ~8km

RC was one loop, any 15/28 O controls and any 4/7 FoxOrs. For beginners ~3km

Others made up their own courses as suited them, a few doing just FoxOr after an full orienteering course or helping organising the events.

CourseNameClubLap OneLap TwoLap ThreeTotal Time

RAMarta SalekAR19.1551.4061.48104.50
RAAdam ScammellAR

AAdam ScammellAR18.3831.5543.1060.10

RBGary PanterAR27.4052.0064.4081.20
RBMark BesleyAR11.1948.0584.29114.51
RBDavid BeardAR35.5557.45DNF

RCHogan/ Maclagan

RCDarian PanterAR


Fox7Dianne ShaldersBK

Fox4Ryordan PanterAR

Fox4Susanne OCallaghanBK

Fox4Pam KingDR

Fox1Peter & Phillip GossipBK



  • Hogan/Maclaglan had never tried RadiO before, but one had tracked possums, so this was an interesting exercise for them. The YNG sniffers were a lot easier to use than the AM gear she had used for the possums. They did a special course combining FoxOrs with the orienteering PW course (any 20).
  • Peter Gossip & son, Phillip, went out to try for 1 FoxOr to see what it was like after their orienteering. They enjoyed it so much that they may try a full RadiO event next time.
  • Di Shalders started off doing RC course after assisting with running the orienteering event, but changed it to 7/7 ForOrs since she was enjoying that more.
  • Darian Panter went out with Susanne for a couple of controls to help on her first ever RadiO event. Thanks Darian.
  • David was not feeling well after his 2nd leg and had to abort during the FoxOr. He’s fine now.
  • Adam was doing 4 legs for orienteering followed by the two RadiO legs to attempt to get a score for both.

Croydon Hills Fox-Or

14th April 2007

From the point of view of course setting, 14th April was a perfect opportunity for me to offer my services. It was during the school holidays, so my normal Saturday “taxi” services taking my children to various activities would not be required. Croydon Hills is a great map to set as the network of winding streets leads to interesting courses virtually regardless of where controls are placed. I decided to set the normal Saturday afternoon “Cake-O” on behalf of Dandenong Ranges, and in addition to set radio courses on behalf of ARDF. As course setter for both, liaison problems would be minimised, and I could put out both the normal and the radio controls at the same time.

After the success of the “Combo” format offered by Ian Holland at Woodlands recently, I decided to offer this format of event for the Saturday. Five 2m Fox-Or transmitters were placed in suitable parkland areas (these abound on the Croydon Hills map) close to or between the normal orienteering controls. Additionally, there were standard Fox-Or courses offered for those who wanted to compete in the normal Street-O and do a radio course either beforehand or afterwards.

The Combo event was a 75-minute score format with normal 2/3/4/5 point scores for the orienteering controls and 10 points for each radio control. All competitors “got” all five of the Fox-Or controls. Both Bruce and Marta also got all 20 orienteering controls, and were separated by less than 30 seconds in total time. This was a very good effort when compared to the Street-O results where only two of the fastest “A” runners managed all 20 orienteering controls in the 60 minutes available for A course.

I was very pleased with the way the whole event ran and it was good to see several orienteers have a go at the Fox-Or either before or after the main event. The only low point was the theft of the flag and punch (luckily not the transmitter) from radio control R1. I would also like to thank Marta for her helpful suggestions prior to the event plus the “surprises” at control 12. Thanks also to those who helped collect controls and others who helped out during the event. I think that this type of combined event should be successful in future and hope that we can do more when suitable event locations are available.



Name�TransmittersTime (mins)Place
Darian Panter5661
Greg Williams5932
Banks Family51133
Diggins Family41064
Tony Bird3305
Mike Hubbert3476
Keith Anker3577
Dianne Shalders2578


Name2 point3 point4 point5 pointRadio
(10 point)
Bruce Paterson555550120168:451
Marta Salek555550120269:102
Georgie Giles545550117472:053
Gary Panter414550102370:154
David Beard43345099574:595

Report on Woodlands Historic Park RadiO event

Woodlands – 2m Fox-Or  

Sun, 1 April, 2007

Ian Holland, VK3YQN

An introductory CombO event was held at Woodlands Historic Park (just North of Tullamarine airport) on 1st April in conjunction with the Tukonie Orienteering Club.

I e-mailed an invitation to a few friends to encourage potential newcomers to the sport and was pleasantly surprised by the number of people who said they would come. I therefore planned an event tailored for newcomers, especially families. This was done by setting courses that combined finding some Fox-Or transmitters with finding some of the Orienteering controls that lay between the transmitter sites, thereby giving the kids in particular something exciting and challenging to do every few minutes. The result – a CombO event. I also put out a few treats for the kids at some of the RadiO controls close to the start.

There were 26 Orienteering controls and 6 Fox-Or controls.

4 Orienteering/Fox-Or combination courses were available (but no separate RadiO-only course), covering a range of ability and experience. There were 3 courses based on time:

  • RA: All 6 Fox-Or + any 15 orienteering controls (approx length 10k)
  • RB: Any 5 Fox-Or + any 12 orienteering controls (approx length 7.5k)
  • RC: Any 3 Fox-Or + any 8 orienteering controls (approx length 4.5k) – specifically designed for beginner families

These courses didn’t have a time limit, other than when the Finish closed around 1:30pm.

The course lengths above are approximate and are between 0.5 and 1km higher than the calculated straight line distances to allow for out of bounds areas, fences, etc.

If the 10 km CombO course wasn’t challenging enough, there was also a score-based course (RD). The aim was get as many points as possible within a time limit of 80 minutes (orienteering controls scored between 5 and 15 points (depending on their location) and the 6 Fox-Or controls were each worth 20 points).

Registration opened at 9:30 and staggered starts were planned from 10 to 12 noon, although some experienced entrants were allowed to leave after this time.

The turnout to the event was an impressive 114 competitors (21 of these did the CombO courses), although the number of people attending was somewhat higher than this figure (especially for the CombO courses) as quite a few of the participants were family groups.

Deciding on the number and type of courses was challenging – there needed to be enough of them to span at least from beginner to advanced levels but not too many or there would end up being only one entrant in a course and therefore make scoring that course fairly meaningless. Fortunately with 21 RadiO entrants the choice of 4 courses resulted in at least 2 people doing each course, with most doing the course focussed on beginners (RC) as expected.

The weather on the day was close to perfect – it had been forecast all week as “Fine & 22” but on the morning of the event the forecast had changed to “Early drizzle, clearing in the afternoon, 22”. Fortunately no drizzle was encountered at the event even in the early morning while putting out the controls.

Everyone who attempted the RA, RB and RC courses managed to find all of the required controls and the kids managed to find a few lollies that were left with the 3 closest RadiO controls.

For those that are interested I’ve posted images of the routes I used to determine the course lengths for the RA, RB and RC courses at I don’t guarantee these are the optimal courses and obviously the actual length on foot is somewhat more than the cartography software calculated as straight lines between the controls. This is especially true for the RA course because getting to the R3 control required navigating around an uncrossable fence to a gate.

Here are the summarised results by course (if you are not one of those mentioned but would like to know your time or place, let me know).

RA (2 entrants)
Marta Salek 75:58
Mark Besley 97:15
RB (5 entrants)
Won by Bryan Ackerly in a time of 51:38.
Other competitors times ranged from 71:44 to 114:48
It should be noted that Bryan’s time in this event is doubly impressive in that he had just completed the 10km Run For the Kids event in the morning in a very fast time with a focus on bringing extra sniffers to the Woodlands event as soon as possible, which he managed to do just as the first lot of sniffers ran out (thanks Bryan). Last across the line was Fitzel (Marta’s dog), closely followed by his companion David.
RC (11 entrants)
Won by Diane Shalders in a time of 42:56
Most beginners chose this course and treated it more as a learning/fun exercise rather than as a competitive event. All entrants, despite most never doing any form of orienteering before, managed not only to get around their chosen route without getting lost but also to find all the required controls.
RD (timed event: 80min limit, 2 entrants)
Bruce Paterson, time 80:10, score of 325.
Catherine Sheahan, time 82:10, score of 150
When Bruce arrived at the finish, I was quite astonished at the level of perspiration that was literally pouring off him. He had clearly been running VERY hard for quite a while. It wasn’t until I looked at his control card that I understood why. He had managed to find all of the Fox-Or controls except R4 (the one furthest south) AND all but one of the 26 orienteering controls! According to his stopwatch he had managed to get back within the last minute of the 80 minute limit, but according to the official timer, he was 10 seconds over the limit!


As I hadn’t done orienteering (other than at school – that’s MANY years ago) and this was the first RadiO course I’d set I had a steep learning curve in a number of areas. A very big thank you is due to the following people:

  • My brother John for helping me extensively tour the park to find suitable control locations and deploy & collect the controls on the day;
  • Huge thanks to Bruce Paterson for coping with endless e-mails of questions from me, lending me one of his bikes, going back out to pick up 2 of the controls after doing the hardest course (RD) and for handing out sniffers and training people when John and I were overdue back at the Registration tent (it took a LONG time in the field untangling the pile of control flags and punches – should have checked that box of items more thoroughly before the event);
  • The TK orienteering club, in particular Julie Sunley, Janetta Davis & Lindsay Thomas.

Without these people’s help this RadiO event would not have been anywhere near as successful.

Thanks also to Marta and Adam and all the newcomers I invited who took up the challenge and turned up to try something quite different from the average Sunday outing.

Thanks to everyone who went out of their way to tell me they enjoyed it; that made all the effort very worthwhile.

Ian Holland VK3YQN
Victorian ARDF Group

Emerald Lake Park RadiO

Sunday, 15th Oct 2006

Emerald Sunday Special & RadiO

On a cloudy day, a small group of intrepid RadiO orienteers gathered at the Lion’s Den in Emerald Lake Park. Attendance was low, both for the RadiO event and the BK normal orienteering event being held in conjunction with ours – this was set by one of our members, Dianne. Nonetheless, every event on offer was tried by at least one person, with mixed results.

A 2m ARDF course was on offer – this was tried by Bruce. Unfortunately, over 2 hours after beginning, he returned rather disgruntled, and informed us that the event was an ARDF course, not a fox hunt! Excessive paranoia relating to stolen transmitters, coupled with bushland much thicker than we had anticipated, meant that the transmitters had been placed in locations that were really too obscure for an ARDF event, leading to a lot of time spent standing around near the transmitter locations, waiting for them to turn on again. A good point was made by Mike Hubbert – should we be really worried about people pinching our equipment, then we could continue to hide the transmitters thoroughly, and just place the flags high up and further away from the transmitter location, so they can easily be seen.

More successful were the FoxOr and CombO courses. Seven 2m FoxOr-ing controls had been placed around the lake, with four of the ARDF transmitters positioned “in-between” these controls. Those doing the CombO course had the option of finding any two of the ARDF transmitters, as well as the FoxOring controls. Gary and Henk completed the FoxOr without too much difficulty (except perhaps for control 2, which had been placed in fairly thick scrub), while Bryan, Mark and Mike had a shot at the CombO event. All three of the latter people found the ARDF controls, and seemed satisfied with the course, which was a bit of a relief after the ARDF debacle! Credit to Mike and Mark for heading out after already completing an orienteering circuit; especially as the heavens opened halfway through their events, drenching all those out there for a good half hour or so! Full marks to Bryan, also, for competing despite still recovering from foot problems following the marathon he had completed the previous week.

An 80m 5-in-5 course was also available, although only a couple of people had a shot at this – I think the rather unpleasant turn in the weather meant that most people wanted to dry off and head home once they returned, and weren’t as keen to give the RadiO courses a try. There seemed to be fewer of our regulars around as well, which didn’t help matters. Nonetheless, I put the controls out, vigorously flinging red cable up into the trees and then hiding in panic as both the wire and various overhanging branches rained back down on me! David then went out to give the course a shot. A few problems made themselves apparent. First, the thickness of the bush meant that cutting through forest to get between controls was not a viable option – you really had to run along tracks and dive off once you got close. I had provided blank maps of the general area to make this slightly less painful, but I’m not sure how easy it is to navigate while having 1 minute to get between controls! I actually had to put controls somewhat closer together than I had planned because of this little problem, and also because, just as I started putting transmitters out, some park rangers decided to close off a bridge I had planned to use! Secondly, David found that stopping to punch the control (given that they were generally located amongst fairly thick shrubbery), meant that there was no chance of getting to the next control within its cycle period. We therefore decided that it was OK to just sight the flag; punching was not required. We should perhaps adopt this method for future 5-in-5 events… Bryan had a go before this new rule was introduced, but independently decided not to physically approach the controls anyway, mainly because he was using a new 80m transmittter in which the sense antenna wasn’t working. Bruce went out afterwards, and had a successful run – he didn’t quite get to the first control in the first minute because he was a couple of seconds late starting, but found the rest within the second cycle period, which is pleasing.

All in all, the FoxOr and CombO events went quite well, as did the 5-in-5 once the non-punching rule was implemented. Best not to say anything further about the ARDF course! A few more people giving the event a go would have been nice, but you can’t do much about the weather, I guess…


NameEvent# ARDF Controls# FoxOr ControlsTime
Bruce PatersonARDF52:08:20
Bryan AckerlyCombO271:07:00
Mark BesleyCombO271:27:40
Mike HubbertCombO251:40:35
Gary PanterFoxOr71:17:20
Henk DeJongFoxOr71:39:00

Marta and David

Albert Park RadiO

October 1st, 2006

Albert Park Sunday Special & RadiO Results        


NameClub# ControlsTime
Bruce PatersonAR100:54:30
Ewen TempletonAR101:04:00
Mark BesleyDR101:14:24
Jun OkabeDR40:30:40


NameClub# ControlsTime
Keith AnkerBK101:29:00
Dianne ShaldersBK101:43:45
Darian PanterAR101:44:37
Gary PanterAR101:45:55
Mike & Joy HubbertBK61:16:00
Helen Schofield51:08:04

Gellibrand Sunday Special – ARDF & Fox-Or

     Sun, 20 August, 2006

Results from Radio Event – Woodland Historic Park – Sunday 20th Aug 2006

ARDF – 80m

NameTimeNo. of Transmitters
Bryan Ackerly62:005
Adam Scammell71:255
Bruce Paterson73:145
David Beard106:305

Fox-Or – 2m

Marta Salek40:40
Jun Okabe58:35
Pam King80:05
Dianne Shalders92:30
Mike Hubbert98:10

RadiO & Toorourong Sunday Special

Sun, 25 June, 2006      

Radi-O 1 (short)


Radi-O 2 (long)


Porcupine Ridge RadiO Event

Sun, 19 February, 2006

Twelve competitors gave RadiO a go today at the Bush Orienteering season opener near Daylesford. Despite some early drizzle in Melbourne the weather at the event was perfect.

Unfortunately not many attempted the full scale 5 transmitter ARDF event, but a few gave the novel Combo (Fox-or+) course a try . The line distance for the ARDF was 7km, but the quite hilly terrain made for a challenging event. Noone found all 5 within the 120 minute time limit.

The Combo course (do the Fox-or but also try to find any two ARDF transmitters) was an attempt to give a gradual introduction to ARDF to those already reasonably proficient at Fox-or style events. In the future a Combo course could be rolled into the standard Fox-or, but with bonuses for finding any ARDF transmitters as well.

The hilly terrain also meant many that attempted to do both a Bush-O and a RadiO were just too exhausted. There are two possible future options here. Those attempting both should be actively encouraged to do a shorter bush-O than normal (to have any real chance at the RadiO at all), or we attempt to always offer a Bush+RadiO course that incorporates a suitably short Bush-O only leg (Hageby style). The latter would require allowing Bush+RadiO starts from the same time as Bush-O (10:00am).

A few small issues:

  1. There seem to be only 3 mini flags + punches in the Fox-or bag. Had make do with some Medals as flags.
  2. Fox-or #1 started fine, but when it came back it was no longer flashing; it was stil producing a weak carrier. Some people found this one a bit weak. (Unit marked �Dodgy� with duct tape.)
  3. The new LCD sniffers can’t really be lent out yet. A competitor who had one came back saying it didn’t work (for Fox-or) as it was too insensitive.
  4. The fudge at the Woodend shop is really fudgy.

Bruce Paterson, Course Setter


ComboDavid Beard82:08:00

Marta Salek61:34:20
Fox-orDianne Shalders41:20:00

Gary & Ryioden Panter41:36:56

Ewen Templeton31:03:00

Ian Stirling20:40:00

Ken & Anitra Dowling20:60:00

Darian Panter10:30:00

Shane Keely10:50:00
ARDFTony Langdon41:58:17

Endeavour Greens Micro + RadiO

Sun, 22 May, 2005


Weather conditions varied between brisk – warm and gusty, depnding on time, and cloud cover. A great day none the less was had by those competing in the second dual MicrO/RadiO event orgainised by the Victorian ARDF Group Inc. A few competing events resulted in lower than expected enterants. Those that did turn up were greated with a lovely stroll / run through the ample parks, aptly named Endeavour Greens for that very reason. There were eight courses on offer, providing ample choice for those that wished to walk or run or have a go at RadiO. A double sided map provided competitors with a small scale black and white map to navigate to the start of the colour map which was provided on the reverse side. The full colour 1:5,000 map provided competitors with interesting route choice challenge’s including many uncrossable fences. Three radiO courses provided competitors with navigational chalenges both inside and outside the 200m diameter control circles. The control circle once navigated to contained a low power hidden transmitter / control which the provided direction finding equipment (sniffer) was used to find. In organising the courses I found that several control circles provided ample route choice with many uncrossable features. Carefull use of sniffers ensured a few competitors cut down substantially on distance, without wasting time looking for the control on the wrong side of the river or fence..

It was great to see soo many competiors diversify by having a go at both diciplines. Many thans again to Bryan Ackerly for the use of the transmitters which operated perfectly. Check the usual event guides or websites, another one of these great events will be orgainised on a Saturday or Sunday in the not too distant future. Don’t miss it…


Runners A Course – 7Km:

Place Competitor Time
1 Marta Salek
2 Jun Okabe
3 Denise Pike


4 Peter Grover
5 Louise Hall


6 Robyn Hall


7 Peter Yeates

Runners B Course – 5.5Km:

Place Competitor Time
1 David Beard 40:25
2 Helen Alexander 49:40
3 Mike Hubbert


4 Ian Baker 59:15
5 Wally Cavill


RadiO Runners A Course – 5Km:

Place Competitor Time

Mark Diggins

2 Bruce Paterson 27:40
3 Marta Salek


4 Bryan Ackerly 31:20
5 Tony Langdon


RadiO Runners B Course – 4.5Km:

Place Competitor Time

Mike H+ Joy M


Power Walkers A Course – 5.5Km:

Place Competitor Time
1 Tina Smith 43:25
2 Stan Gurman
3 Judy Hopkins


4 Ilze Yeates 40:49
5 Graham Morey


6 Sue Gurman
7 Des Gregory
8 Pam King

Power Walkers B Course – 4.5Km:

Place Competitor Time
1 Josie + Jasmine Cox 59:10
2 Dianne Shalders 77:35

RadiO Power Walkers Course – 4.5Km:

Place Competitor Time
1 Greg Tamblyn 56:43
2 Henk DeJong 65:30
3 David Beard 69:05

Map for Runners A Course:

Runners A Course (Colour Map, Scale 1:5,000, 5M Contours)

Adam Scammell

Eaglemont Micro – Fox-Or-Ing:

Sun, 31 October, 2004


A warm day greeted those who competed in the Fox-oring event run in conjunction with the MicrO event run by Melbourne Forrest Racers. Conditions were great for running except for the odd snake or two seen crossing a path by competitors and your organiser. Five people competed in the long course of 8 transmitters which was approximately 5.3Kms when taking the tracks and allowing for a detour to check which side of the river number 4 was on. The short course of 4 transmitter had two entrants and was approximately 2.5Kms in length. Competitors had to navigate to a 100m circle and then use their direction finding equipment to find the transmitter / control. The organiser was a little sneaky and placed two of the circles in an area that covered both sides of the river thus making the competitors choose the route carefully. It also ensured that directional bearing could help competitors determine which side the transmitter was on, without wasting time looking for the control.
Several competitors once back from the radio course also competed in the Micro event, while 2 people competing in the Micro gave the RadiO event a try on a shorter / easier course. Thanks to MFR for the map and registration and also thanks to Bryan Ackerly for the use of the transmitters which operated perfectly. Another one of these RadiO event’s will be orgainised combination with the Darebin MicrO event on Sun the 14th November 2004.


Long course:

1Adam Scammell827:30
2Bryan Ackerly831:55
3Bruce Paterson835:27
4Ewen Templeton844:58
5Tony Langdon846:51

Short course scores

1Henk de Jong432:03
2Mike Hubbert439:43

Bruce Paterson above, searching for his second control Transmitter number 4 (Photo: Adam Scammell)

Bryan Ackerly above, searching for his last control Transmitter number 7 (Photo: Adam Scammell)

Mark Diggins